Tropical Parula

Parula pitiayumi

Description: Blue-gray above with yellow patch on back, black mask. Underparts bright yellow with orangish wash on lower throat, breast, and flanks. Lower belly and undertail coverts white.

Song: A rising, buzzy trill ending with a buzzy note.

Produced by: Library of Natural Sounds at the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology.

Distribution: In U.S., breeds only in extreme southern Texas, in live oak thickets.

Winters in Mexico.

Some southward movement from breeding range in winter.

Status: U.S. population levels low, threatened by pesticides, habitat destruction, and possibly cowbird parasitism.

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