Northern Parula

Parula americana
NOPA.GIF (23391 bytes)


Description: Bluish above with green back patch and bold, white wing bars. Undersides white; breast yellow with a variable wash of burnt red.


Song: A buzzy, ascending trill ending with an explosive lower note. “Zh-zh-zh-zheeeeee-up.”

Recording
Produced by: Library of Natural Sounds at the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology.


Distribution: Breeds where trees are laden with lichen, which is required for nesting. In the North the Northern Parula is associated with moist boreal forests. Southern populations prefer wet hardwood forests.

Winters primarily in the West Indies but also found on the mainland in south Florida and Central America.

Spring migration may begin as early as mid-February. Typically arrives in late March in the Carolinas, and mid May in their northernmost breeding grounds.


Status: Current populations appear stable. Historically, populations of Northern Parula in the Great Lakes region and mid-Atlantic suffered severe declines due to loss of lichens caused by air pollution. Breeding Bird Survey

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